PROBLEMS & PROSPECTS OF REVOLUTION IN NEPAL
[A Collection of Articles by Com. Prachanda and Other Leaders of the CPN (Maoist)]


Two Momentous Years of Revolutionary Transformation

-Com. Prachanda

1. Introduction

 The process of revolutionary transformation of the present semi-feudal and semi-colonial Nepalese society through the People’s War has completed two years. Within this period the Party has successfully implemented two strategic plans of initiation and continuation of People’s War and is at present carrying out the Third strategic plan. Today the People’s War has established itself as the only revolutionary alternative in Nepal by breaking through innumerable cycles of repression by the reactionaries and opposition of the revisionists. In the process of destruction of the old state power and construction of a new one, the People’s War has today reached the stage of exercising local democratic state power. Creating challenging influence and debate in every aspect of national life, from the military point of view the People’s War has reached the stage of development of guerrilla zone. By practically opening the doors of a new state structure in the form of a revolutionary United Front of masses of different classes, nationalities and regions oppressed for centuries, the People’s War is showing in the course of development the path of its own preservation, development and victory. In place of the corrupt, immoral, fraudulent and extremely individualistic anarchist culture of the old state, the People’s War has developed a new collective and lofty culture based on sacrifice, ideological commitment, self-sacrifice. In totality, amidst the process of intense repression and resistance within the past two years the People’s War has performed a memorable role in revolutionary, transformation.

 Uptil now ninety best sons and daughters of the Nepalese people have sacrificed their lives for accomplishing this historic success. Thousands of revolutionary fighters are braving jail, persecution and horrendous torture perpetrated by the reactionary regime. Hundreds of thousands of people are nurturing this historic process through innumerable instances of sacrifice, devotion and self-sacrifice.

 The path of development and victory of revolution has never been straight, easy and normal anywhere. The dialectical law of development is such that everywhere and always the revolution forges ahead by giving birth to intense opposition and counter-revolution and through ascent and descent, ups and downs, and losses and gains. The experience of the last two years of People’s War in Nepal is also no exception to that rule. Today, on the occasion of the completion of the two glorious years and of entering into the third challenging year of the People’s War it would be relevant to briefly review the past experiences.

2. Two Years of People’s War and the Condition of the Reactionary State

 In the initial phase of the historic People’s War, the Nepalese reactionary ruling class, just as the reactionary classes of the world, also tried to play down the great role of the people. Because of their own class outlook the reactionaries everywhere and always tend to "belittle" and "bully" the forces of the people. On the basis of this outlook the Nepalese reactionary ruling classes "declared" that they would wipe-out the people's forces within one and half to two months and resorted to state terrorism with mass arrest, torture, pillage and genocide. The masses, the Party and the-revolutionary fighters continued to resist this by setting historic examples of devotion and sacrifice.

 What was the result? The result was consistent with what happens in genuine revolutionary movements all over the world. The result was as per the prognosis of the invincible ideology of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. The reactionary rulers had thought that they could easily extinguish the fire of People’s War by resorting to genocide, repression, and terror. But, as has been proved by the law of science and the experience of history, the killing of the masses did not extinguish the fire of revolution, but added fuel to the fire. The negative act of the state terrorism was transformed into the positive result of development of the people's revolution. Instead, the state terrorism tore off the the mask of the so-called democracy, constitution, and human rights donned by the reactionary state and helped the masses to recognise the fascist nature of the state. The fascist repressive drive of the whole year did not only reveal the crisis within the ruling state but deepened the crisis even more. After one year of repression they realised that there was even bigger wave of people's sympathy and co-operation for the People’s War. That thousands are replacing the hundreds and hundreds of thousands are replacing the thousands! They realised that People’s War cannot be easily wished away, that it was a fundamentally a new type of war.

 Along with aggravating crisis within the rotten state of the reactionary class this great process of People’s War intensified contradiction within its different political factions. Among the various parliamentary cliques, which serve as stooges for different imperialist and expansionist plunderers, the process of manoeuvring for power was intensified. Under the background of the above crisis: and immediately after the celebration of the first glorious anniversary and commencement of the second year of People’s War a new coalition within the reactionary state was installed demonstrating naked perversion, immorality, hypocrisy and flunkeyism. The new government with the participation of the renegade UML clique under the leadership of the Panchayati butchers, was a mockery of even the limited achievements of the 1990 historic people's movement. It adopted a new strategy of repression combined with diplomatic intrigue against the People’s War. Under this strategy in the beginning, it was pronounced that the People’s War was a "political problem" and that it could be solved through "dialogue". However, in practice preparations were made for even more intense suppression by constituting different commissions, particularly an intelligence commission. The people grasped the overall conspiracy of the new government when it decided to introduce an anti-terrorist bill and to mobilise military against the people even when there was no change in the objective condition.

 By reflecting upon the teachings of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the universal principle of development of revolutionary war and the specificities of development of People’s War in Nepal the Party had already visualised the possibility of the enemy mobilising its army against the People’s War. To resist this, the Party had prepared its entire rank and file, the combatants and the masses to a certain extent, with a series of political and military strategy and tactics. Postulating the mobilisation of army against the People’s War as a sign of victory of People’s War from the military point of view, the Party had already prepared itself for the great prospects and grave challenges.

 The great Nepalese masses launched countrywide protest campaign against the reactionary government's decision to introduce the so-called anti-terrorist bill and to mobilise the army against the People’s War, thus rendering it dormant for the time being. Within the short period of one and a half months, the fascist nature of the new government got exposed. More importantly, for the first time the broader masses of people got the opportunity of identifying and understanding the reactionary nature of the revisionist renegade UML clique. Against the wrath of the people the government was forced to retreat. To a certain extent, the Nepalese people rightly experienced it as a form of victory for their initiative.

 Alarmed by this kind of development, the feudalists and the imperialists started looking for another equation for maintaining their state. In this context started the much-hated process of buying and selling, confining and kidnapping of parliamentary mainly under the intervention and for the interests of the Indian expansionists! The hypocrisy of parliamentary democracy got even more exposed. It became once more clear to everyone that the parliament and the parliamentary are nothing but the sheepfold and sheep of imperialism and feudalism.

 Ultimately a coalition government was formed consisting of the past fascist Panchas and the Congress, infamous as traitors, mass-murderers and stooges of Indian expansionist. This new government, most hated and shunned by the people, in its first public declaration made known its policy of containing the People’s War. They declared that they would "wipe-out" the People’s War within the period of three months. The new government is proceeding ahead with the strategic policy of using government sponsored goons under the name of People's Defense Committee, killing of revolutionary cadres with surprise attacks, making false and vicious propaganda against the leadership of the People’s War, mobilising huge commando police and military forces through unannounced, countrywide campaign of repression, arrest and torture, and making for a armed interventions against, peaceful programmes of different mass organisations. In this way nine revolutionary combatants including Com. Dhanraj Pun, Suk Bahadur Rokka, Prem Bahadur Rokka, Bhim Prasad Gharti of Rolpa district, a woman Comrade, Kamala Bhatt, of Gorkha district, Com. Padam Bahadur Rokaya of Jajarkot district have been murdered by this government of Indian stooges (till January 1998).

 However, the more important aspect is the new and unprecedented wave of people's support in favour of the People’s War that has been increasing together with such declarations and activities of the government. The peasants, women, students and intellectuals in thousands are forging ahead in greater speed in the process of militant struggle. The military actions of People's guerrillas have not only expanded widely but also attained newer heights. This has been confirmed by the recent success of higher forms of guerrilla actions accomplished in Rukum and Dhading, among other parts of the country.

 Amidst this people's hatred, wrath and-resistance, another drama of formation of a new coalition within the reactionary state has begun. In the form of a meaningless debate of whether a mid-term election or a special session of parliament, power struggle between the Royal palace, the USA and India are taking place. For their own exclusive domination and plunder, the Indian expansionists and the American imperialists are today openly penetrating into the reactionary groups including the Royal palace, Nepali Congress, UML and RPP. It is now as clear as the day-light that various contradictions and conflicts within the different reactionary cliques of the country are in essence the reflection of power struggle between different imperialist and expansionist camps.

 From the above scenario of the People’s War and the reactionary state it becomes clear that the reactionary state is sliding towards its doom and the great process of the People’s War is heading towards its victory. The present reactionary state is the root cause of downfall of the country and the people and the People’s War represents the banner of safeguard and liberation of the country and the people.

 Today, the feudalists, the expansionists and the imperialists are conspiring through their Nepalese stooges, the Nepali Congress, UML, the Royal palace, RPP etc. to let loose more intense repression against the Nepalese people and the People’s War. It is not possible to attain easy victory in People’s War. For this, wider participation and more unified efforts of the masses are warranted. There are great possibilities and at the same time serious challenges, too, ahead of the People’s War.

 Uptil now the reactionary class has been adopting the strategy of disinformation campaigns politically and that of encirclement and suppression militarily against the People’s War. To counter this the People’s War is adopting the strategy of "demystifying rumour" politically and "breaking encirclement and mounting resistance" militarily.

 We should not assume the failure of different reactionary political groups as the failure of overall reactionary state. If need be, the reactionary state can do away with the present political groups as the failure of to exercising extreme despotism against the people. It is only by preparing themselves to face the worse to worst state that the revolutionaries can fulfill their historic role. The main point is to dare to win over the fear of death, through adherence to the revolutionary principles of Marxism- Leninism-Maoism and commitment for the sake of the people. Howsoever arduous the path may be, the destruction of the reactionary state and the victory of the people is for sure.

3. Role of People’s War in the Development of the Three Instruments of Revolution

A. The Party

 Comrade Mao has synthesized that the three magic instruments of the New Democratic revolution   are the Party, the revolutionary United-Front and the People's Army. Even though the theory may remain same, the specific development of these instruments depends upon the specificities of historical development of different countries. Here there is no question of accomodating mechanist thinking. It is well known that amongst the three instruments, the Party is the main instrument which will give leadership to the other two.

 The People’s War which has been forging ahead since the past two years has played a historic role in developing and transforming the Party itself. In a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country like ours and in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution the process of protracted nature of the People’s War is also a process of revolutionary transformation of the Party. We are realising with our own experience that in comparison to tens of years of ideal talking and surmoning, the two year's experience of the People’s War has played an amazing role in the revolutionary transformation of the Party.

 The People’s War has played important role in the transformation and development of the Party, such as: by strengthening the ideological unity of the Party through emotional unity; by raising the ideological, political awareness and level of the Party to a newer height through unfolding specific characteristics of the Nepalese revolution; by leading the whole Party towards the development of a proletarian revolutionary culture of renouncement, devotion and sacrifice essential for giving leadership to the people's revolution; by raising consciouness about dialectical relationship and correct handling of class struggle and inner struggle; by qualitatively consolidating and expanding the relationship between the mass, class, Party and the leaders; by increasing the role, responsibility and recognition of the Party in the national and international field, etc.

 It was in the process of resisting against the reactionary state's fascist repression and in facing the venomous attacks of the old and the new revisionists that sped-up the revolutionary transformation process of the Party. The fact that the development of the Party as the revolutionary representative of the proletarian class takes place through intense process of class struggle and ideological struggle has been proved correct in Nepal, too.

 Based on the synthesis of the experiences, achievements and limits of People’s War, the Party is today stressing to make lessons of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (GPCR) as its point of departure so as to prevent the Party from changing its colour and to be more revolutionary and matured in the face of repressive, conspiratorial and splittist activities of the reactionaries and the opportunists. For a continuous transformation of the Party as the leader of the revolution, for defending it physically and ideologically and for expanding and strengthening its relationship with the masses there is no other scientific method in the present-day world than the teachings of the GPCR. The Party is the unity of opposites; as long as the Party exists the phenomena of unity and struggle between the opposites will also remain. The more developed and the more complex the class-struggle becomes the more the Party also necessarily becomes developed and complex. In that context a maximum and continuous practice of democracy both within and outside the Party becomes necessary so as to preserve the revolutionary quality of the Party and to defeat different manifestations of revisionism and opportunism. To ensure the maximum participation of the general cadres and the labouring masses in the internal affairs of the Party is the only guarantee to save it against revisionism. Hence, the Party is able to visualise clearly through the experiences of the two years of People’s War that unless one adopts a system of generating innumerable revolutionary successors from the rank and file cadres and the masses, it will be impossible to defeat feudalism, imperialism and revisionism. The important achievement of today is the realisation of the necessity of developing consciousness and initiatives among the cadres and the masses to "bombard the headquarter" of opportunism so as to fulfill the role of giving leadership to the great revolution of the people against the exploitation and oppression of feudalism and imperialism and the betrayal and treachery of revisionism.

B. Revolutionary United Front

 Theoretically it is obvious that the success of democratic revolution is impossible without the broad Revolutionary United Front between different anti-feudal and anti-imperialist classes, sections, and levels of people under the leadership of the proletariat. Similarly it is clear that the basis of such a form of united front will be and should be the unity between workers and peasants.

 However, the process of initiation and development of the Revolutionary United Front will be different, depending upon the situation of different countries. In Nepal, the greatest manifestation of opportunism has been on the question of the United Front.

 Although theoretically our Party had been forwarding revolutionary line in this question for a long time, however it was not able to put it into practice and it was also not possible without initiating the People’s War. Today the experiences of the People’s War, have given clear picture of tactics and strategic aspects of the Revolutionary United Front. Looking at the historical specificities of Nepal and the experiences of the two years of People’s War, the broad united front of oppressed classes and masses, oppressed nationalities and the people of oppressed regions will be the concrete manifestation of our Revolutionary United Front. This conclusion has an immense historical importance.

 This will smash the present "unity" imposed by the Hindu feudal state power based on the class, national and regional inequality and oppression and open the door for building a new unity based on democratic values. Today the People’s War has had maximum impact on the oppressed classes and masses of workers, peasants, women, etc., on different oppressed nationalities and untouchable dalit castes and on the people of the oppressed regions of the far West and the Terai.

 The Party regards it as a historical necessity of Nepal to give maximum importance to the question of struggle against national and regional oppression as an integral part of class-struggle and democratic revolution. Until political, economic, linguistic, religious, and cultural rights of different nationalities usurped in the course of formation of the centralised feudal state of Nepal arc reinstated democratically and they are guaranteed full participation in the new democratic state and until a great force of national unity based on democracy is created, it will be impossible to smash feudalism and imperialism.

 In order to achieve that great national unity there is no other proletarian outlook other than to recognise the right of self-determination including the right to secede politically to the oppressed nationalities. Hence our Party has firmly accepted the right of self-determination of different oppressed nationalities in order to ensure their participation as a necessary part of the Revolutionary United Front. Accordingly the Party has been undertaking initiatives to put into practice national autonomy as the concrete programme for the present.

 In the present stage of development of the People’s War wherever there is an exercise of local democratic state the Party has been trying to practically apply the concept of United Front in it, and at the central level to build United Front as an instrument of struggle against class, national and regional oppression. In order to ensure the victory of the Nepalese revolution, the relevance of the Party's concept of United Front should be propagated amongst the workers, peasants, different nationalities, oppressed castes and the people of the oppressed regions and give it an organisational form in a manner as fast as possible and as best as possible.

 At the ideological level, it is necessary to launch a more vigorous struggle against the rightist revisionists who hanker after opportunistic alliances, in the name of United Front.

C. People's Army

 The People’s War, which is forging ahead with the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist slogans such as: "The people without army have nothing of their own", "The main instrument of the state is the army", "In New Democratic revolution   the main form of organisation is the army and the main form of struggle is the war", etc., is playing important role in the formation of the people's army. Today unarmed masses are systematically transforming themselves into armed masses relying on the revolutionary theory that war teaches war. Using the strategy and tactics of total war in the face of extreme unbalanced condition of military forces of the enemy and the people, the People’s War has been moving forward the process of building the army with me Nepalese specificities.
 By unfolding many concrete laws of dialectical relations between open and secret work, rural and urban activities, legal and illegal struggle, political and military activities, mass actions and mass mobilisation, the People’s War has been developing military consciousness and power of the people.

4.  Role of People’s War in the Development of Revolutionary Mass Organisation and Mass Movement

 The historic initiation of People’s War and its successive development has opened a new door of development of revolutionary mass organisation and revolutionary mass movement. First of all it has created new waves of revolutionary mass organisation, and revolutionary mass movement by making mockery of revisionist cowards who refuse to see the possibilities of developing mass movements and mass organisations beyond the limits of reformism and parliamentarism and who were indulging in self-gratification of their monopoly over that area after the initiation of the People’s War.

 Today the workers, peasants, women, students, teachers, intellectuals, dalits, oppressed nationalities and cultural activists are fueling the fire of organization and struggle as allies of the People’s War with new zest and zeal. The waves of revolutionary mass movements and revolutionary mass organizations have been created throughout the country, chiefly in the principal areas of struggle, by challenging severe state terrorism perpetrated by the reactionary state and the cowardly twaddle of the revisionist renegades.

 Has modern history of Nepal ever seen such amazing initiative of thousands of labouring women of rural areas of the country who have raised the flag of revolt defying all kinds of difficulties? Can the revisionist cowards ever imagine the great surge of women's participation in the form of guerrilla fighters and commanders by defying death consciously and willingly? Amidst terror unleashed by government-sponsored goons, the police and the army, today thousands of labouring women from each and every remote districts are participating in women's meetings and conferences shaking heaven and earth and fighting for their due rights. These have proved the new relationship between the People’s War and the mass movement. The fact that women are the most inspired group in the last two years of People’s War itself is indicating definite victory for the Nepalese revolution.

 Today a new horizon of peasant's meetings, conferences and struggles has opened up throughout the country. The way the poor peasants are taking great initiative in capturing thousands of quintals of grains, crops, and lands and in destroying forged bond papers of different feudal landlords of the country, behind all these People’s War has definitely played a great role. Hundreds of thousands of peasants from the main areas of struggle are attempting to exercise New Democratic power by systematically resisting the enemy's mass killing, looting and terrorising. Have such scenes ever before been observed by the Nepalese Communist movement ? It is definite that by taking the path of revolutionary land reforms, consciously and in a planned manner in different parts of the country, the flames of revolutionary peasant struggles will in future reduce to ashes the whole feudal relations of production. Similarly the revolutionary youths and students are marching forward spreading organisation and struggles throughout the country defying killing, repression, arrest, and torture by the enemy. The People’s War has given new energy for sacrifice and initiative to the students by qualitatively developing among them a sense of responsibility towards their country and the people.

 Along with the development of the People’s War a new consciousness for fighting for their own rights and liberation is spreading amongst many oppressed nationalities of the country such as Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs, Newars, Tharus, Rais, Limbus and Madhises. People’s War has speeded up the process of formation of various national liberation fronts and expansion of nationality organisations. Similarly, today along with the development of People’s War, a wave of organisation and struggle has been created among dalit castes at a greater speed and a wider scale. The dalits are today rebelling against inhuman tyranny perpetrated upon them by the feudal state of high caste Hindus.

 Similarly the People’s War has made teachers, professors and intellectuals more conscious and active with regards to their responsibilities towards the country and the people. It is a significant change that thousands of intellectuals are coming forward to give moral support to the great historic process of People’s War and are organising against the social evils and degeneration and the tyranny of the reactionary state.

 In the field of cultural front, the People’s War is helping the revolutionary cultural activists in their initiative and alignment against the present capitalist, revisionist and neo-revisionist hypocrisy. In the field of literature, art and culture, the People’s War is directly helping in the formation of a countrywide new cultural army. The role played by the cultural front in making hundreds of thousands of people participate in the People’s War has been unprecedented. It is not only within the country but also outside the country, particularly in India, that the People’s War has created new spirit and confidence among the expatriate Nepalese to get themselves organised and participate in the People’s War in Nepal. The Party's influence and work among hundreds of thousands of expatriate Nepalese have increased. Similarly today the People’s War is playing important role in attracting agriculture technicians, doctors, engineers, lawyers, human right activists, etc. towards the New Democratic revolution  .

 From these facts it becomes clear that the People’s War does not weaken mass movement and mass organisation but instead it strengthens them and opens the door for their qualitative expansion and development. From the experience of past two years it has become clear that it is the revisionists who have been hampering the revolutionary development of mass organisation and mass movement by parroting mass movementism but worshipping reformism and parliamentarism.

5. Role of People’s War in Exposing the Revisionists

 Nowhere in the world proletarian movement success of the revolution has been achieved without waging intense ideological struggle against revisionism. One of the essential conditions for the development and victory of the Nepalese revolution is also to liberate the people of Nepal from the fatal poison of revisionism. Com. Lenin has poignantly expressed that it is foolish to try to fight against modern revisionism only with theoretical debate. Together with ideological debate it is mainly through the development of class struggle that the revisionism can be defeated. It is not so simple and trivial to fight against Nepalese revisionism which has deeply penetrated within the Nepalese Communist movement in the past five decades and poisoned the minds of hundreds of genuine people.

 As has been said by Lenin, it is mainly the development of class struggle in the form of People’s War, along with the ideological debate, that has started burning the Nepalese revisionism (In Engel's words: "colossal heap of garbage"). That today the new and the old revisionists have become more terrorised by the ghost of the People’s War than even the old reactionaries and are madly assailing at it, proves that the revisionist heap of garbage is on fire. Immediately after the initiation of the People’s War, the new and the old revisionist pundits violated the common morality of class solidarity and showed their true character by putting their faith in the feudalist and imperialist propaganda and by doubting and dishonouring the great sacrifice and initiative of the masses. They exposed their true self by lending their voice to the reactionary state and by trumpeting the charge of terrorism and extremism against the People’s War. It is not only the leadership of UML that has degenerated into reaction, but also the new revisionist ringleaders who claim themselves as the upholders of "New Democracy" and "Mao Thought", that have been serving the reactionary state against the People’s War and thus revealing their true character. In this context it is worth recollecting Mohan Bikram, who is getting degenerated and marginalised due to his own immoral, hypocritical and revisionist character, who outwitted all others by announcing that the People’s War would be wiped out within ten months. However, when the old and the new revisionists saw that the People’s War was spreading more and more against their wishes, they started parroting that there was a reactionary hand in promoting the People’s War, just as the Congress and the Royal palace have been accusing each other for the same. They lamented that the reactionaries were not able to repress the People’s War, which in fact has been resisting the reactionary massacre and state terror. When the People’s War entered the second year after completing one year, it was transformed into the life process of hundreds of thousands of people, it started challenging the ruling reactionary state all the more, and it also triggered the process of genuine cadres from the revisionist camp joining and supporting the People’s War overtly or covertly. Seeing this the old revisionists openly went to give leadership to the reactionary state in order to suppress the People’s War. The new revisionist ring leaders, in order to fight for their survival, went nakedly to play into the reactionary's hands. They instigated the reactionaries against tile People’s War by making mountain out of mole hills of insignificant events at local level.

 The People’s War has now entered the third year after completing two years. It has established itself as the only revolutionary alternative in the country. For the reactionary state today the People’s War has become the greatest obstacle. It sounds ironic that along with the imperialists, expansionists, Nepali Congress, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and United Marxist-Leninist group, even the leaders of Mashal and Unity Centre should be branding the People’s War as terrorism. But this is a fact. Nowhere and never have the elements degenerated into reformism and parliamentarism ideologically and politically, ever helped the revolutionary movement. Even after the success of people's revolution in future, such kinds of people will continue to oppose it. It is well known that the Bolsheviks in Russia and the Maoists in China were attacked even after the revolution by the revisionists who called themselves as communists.

 Today the People’s War is scaling ever greater heights while exposing all rubbish of the new and the old revisionists. So long as the revolutionaries are guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and so long as they remain loyal to the Nepalese people and march forward to liberate the country and the people, the venomous attacks of the revisionists will not be able to stop the development of the People’s War. Rather, with the passage of time the revisionists will get thoroughly exposed. The revolution will triumph. The development of two years of People’s War has sufficiently proved this.

6. People’s War and the Expansion and Consolidation of International Relations

 Before the historic initiation of People’s War the Party had pledged that "Nepalese revolution is an integral part of world proletarian revolution and this will serve the world revolution". Today with two years of experience this pledge has been proved absolutely correct. This is already known to all that our Party is a participating member of RIM which is striving for building a "New International". Within this period our relationship with the RIM Committee and all other participating fraternal Parties of RIM has become qualitatively alive and strengthened. The initiation of the People’s War and its successive development has, at one end, given new inspiration to the participating parties of the RIM, and at the other end, the Nepalese People’s War has received moral support from all the Parties. In the course of development, today, the international responsibility of our Party and the revolutionary Nepalese people have increased qualitatively.

 Today our relation is not only spreading among the participating members of the RIM but also among those revolutionary Marxist Parties and organisations who are outside the RIM. Similarly relations with revolutionary organisations waging national liberation struggle against imperialism and expansionism are also expanding along with the development of the People’s War in Nepal. The way the Nepalese People’s War which is of protracted nature, has expanded its international relations and its influence, this itself has become a specific manifestation of the Nepalese revolution. It is a matter of pride that the Nepalese People’s War is getting warm support, love and inspiration from millions of revolutionary masses all over the world within such a short period.

 Also, the way the Nepalese People’s War is speeding up its relations with international revolutionaries, in the same speed the imperialists, expansionists and various reactionaries are hatching conspiracies and intrigues against it. In this regard the comments of particularly the ruling classes of India and the American imperialists, the world gendarmes, are worth noting. Many conspiratorial and repressive moves by these powers against the Nepalese People’s War and the Party leading it have come to surface. These elements are mainly instigating their stooges, the ruling class and various reactionary groups of Nepal, to suppress the People’s War. This way the Nepalese People’s War has proved to be a big slap to the world imperialist system which is undergoing new economic and political crises. It is now becoming clear that the Nepalese People’s War will have a historic role in developing new wave of world revolution in the near future.

 The continuous development of the Nepalese People’s War has not only started exposing Nepalese revisionism but also world revisionism. The People’s War has been a major blow to the old and the new revisionists who have been swimming in the dirty pools of reformism and parliamentarism and have betrayed the people's revolutionary movement all over the world. In this regard the attacks of the CPI-M and the CPI of India and other revisionist renegades against the Maoist People’s War in Nepal is particularly noteworthy.

 Today in many other countries of the world final preparations for launching a Maoist People’s War are taking place. It is a matter of pleasure for all the Nepalese revolutionaries to know that the experiences of the initiation and continuation of the People’s War in Nepal are directly helping in these preparations. Today requests have been received from revolutionary workers of different parts of the world to come to Nepal and to participate in the warfront in order to safeguard and develop the Nepalese People’s War and to learn practical lessons from it. These are the highest manifestations of the international impact of the two years of development of the People’s War.

 This way, at one end, the Nepalese People’s War has become a new challenge to international imperialism and revisionism, and at the other end, a new source of inspiration for the Communist revolutionaries and the masses of the people. This situation has definitely placed more international responsibility on the shoulders of the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist), the revolutionary fighters and the general masses of Nepal. The leading districts, the great martyrs and all the revolutionary fighters of the People’s War in Nepal have now been transformed into common assets of communist revolutionaries all over the world. It is this sense of seriousness and responsibility that has inspired the Nepalese revolutionaries to develop the People’s War to greater heights and to set new examples of devotion and sacrifice.

7. Conclusion

 The great process of the People’s War is marching forward by giving birth to powerful forces of revolutionary transformation in all areas of the Nepalese society. The enemies and the opportunists within and outside the country are conniving with each other to repress and thwart this great process of revolutionary transformation. The revolutionary communists and the masses of the people within and outside the country are getting all the more organised at bigger scale to safeguard and develop this great process. Thus, at one end, the two years of People’s War have opened the doors of historic possibilities, while at the other end, a situation of bigger challenges from the enemies and the opportunists has also been created.

 The revolution is not following subjective wishes of anyone, but the dialectical path of its own development. The two years of People’s War have inspired the Party to fulfill its historic responsibility of liberating the people with greater firmness, devotion and responsibility while remaining committed to the invincible principles of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. Let us unite in the service and for the liberation of the great Nepalese people! Howsoever difficult and challenging the path may be the people's victory is certain!

(May 1998)