AT the invitation of Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal, Chou En-lai, Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, paid a friendly visit to the Kingdom of Nepal from April 26 to 29, 1960. He was accompanied by Marshal Chen Yi, Vice-Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs: Chang Han-fu, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and other high-ranking officials.
During his visit, Premier Chou En-lai called on His Royal Highness Prince Himalaya Bir Bikram Shah Deva and His Excellency B. P. Koirala, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal.
Cordial and sincere talks were held between Premier Chou En-lai and Prime Minister B. P. Koirala.
Taking part also in the talks were, on the Chinese side: Marshal Chen Yi, Vice-Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs: and Chang Han-fu, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs: on the Nepalese side: Ganesh Man Singh, Minister of Works and Communication: Surya Prasad Upadhyaya, Minister of Home and Law; and Nara Pratap Thapa, Foreign Secretary of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Through friendly consultations, the two parties obtained further results in developing friendly relations between the two countries : they signed the "Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the People's Republic of China and the Kingdom of Nepal" and exchanged instruments of ratification of the "Agreement Between the Government of the People's Republic of China and
His Majesty's Government of Nepal on the Question of the Boundary between the two Countries."
The Chinese Premier and the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal pointed out with satisfaction that the visit not long ago by His Excellency Prime Minister B. P. Koirala to China and the present visit by Premier Chou En-lai to the Kingdom of Nepal served to further enhance the mutual understanding and friendship between the Chinese and Nepalese peoples. The Treaty and Agreements signed between the two sides during their mutual visits marked the entrance of Sino-Nepalese friendly relations into a new phase.
On the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the Asian-African Conference, Chinese Premier and the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal noted with pleasure that the Five Principles of Peaceful co-existence and the Bandung spirit were playing a more and more important role in guiding the relations among nations. The two parties agreed that continued development of
these principles and spirit would have important bearing on the promotion of solidarity of Asian and African countries and the defense of peace in Asia and the world. The two parties also availed of this happy occasion to further express their conviction that in order to build up a better atmosphere for mutual co-operation in the world, all outstanding issues between nations should be settled through peaceful negotiations and all nations must refrain from such acts or threats of aggression or the use of force against territorial integrity or political independence of each other's country.
The Chinese Premier and the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal expressed deep sympathy for the struggles of the Asian, African and other peoples against - colonialism and for winning and safeguarding national independence, and pledged firm support to the South African people in their just struggle against racial discrimination. The two parties welcomed the forthcoming conference of Government Heads of the big powers and expressed the hope that agreement will be reached speedily by countries concerned on general disarmament and prohibition of nuclear weapons, so as to promote a further relaxation of the international situation.